Sarawak - Malaysia
is the largest state in Malaysia, an outback of sheer beauty rich
in resources such as pepper, cocoa, palm oil, timber and oil. With
an area of 124,450 sq. km, it is a region of endless fascination,
possessing the largest cave chamber in the world, verdant jungles,
unique fauna and flora, white beaches, and remote islands. Its population
of 1.5 million people is as rich and varied as the land.
the Brunei Sultanate in the 16th century, Sarawak was divided
into districts governed by Pangerans, representatives of
the Sultan. Dissatisfaction with the tax system and administration
resulted in an insurgency in the 17th century. Sarawak's history
as an independent entity begins with a remarkable story. In 1839,
when Sarawak was rebelling against the Brunei Sultanate, the Sultan
of Brunei had to enlist the help of Pangeran Muda Hashim who in
turn sought the assistance of an English adventurer named James
Following James Brooke's success in thwarting
the insurgency, he was appointed the Governor of Sarawak on 24th
September 1841. He became Sarawak's first "White Rajah" from 1846
to 1868 when Sarawak gained independence from Brunei. A British-style
administration was introduced and local chieftains were appointed
as his advisers.
Charles Brooke, who succeeded James Brooke in
1868 divided Sarawak into five divisions. Sarawak came under British
rule and a British adviser was appointed in 1888.
In 1917, Charles Vyner Brooke succeeded Charles
Brooke. The implementation of a written constitution drawn up
in 1941 was precluded by the Japanese invasion in the same year.
With the Japanese surrender at the end of World
War II, Sarawak was placed under the British Military Administration
till 1946 when it became a British Crown Colony. Sir Charles Arden
was appointed as the first British Governor.
The formation of the Federation of Malaysia
comprising the Malay Federated States, Singapore, Sabah, Sarawak
and Brunei was proposed in 1961. Initially, this was met with
resistance from the political leaders of Sarawak. Tunku Abdul
Rahman Putra al-haj led missions to Sabah and Sarawak to detail
the proposal and assure the leaders as well as the people. The
leaders of Sarawak were also invited to join the Commonwealth
Parliamentary Conference in Singapore. Subsequent to this, The
Cobbold Commission was set up to seek the views of the people
regarding the proposal.
The findings revealed that 70% favoured the
formation of Malaysia. This prompted Britain to announce the formation
of Malaysia on 31st August 1963 in spite of strong opposition
from Indonesia and the Philippines. Due to the opposition, another
inquiry was commissioned. The second inquiry also reported that
the people generally favoured the formation of Malaysia. This
led to the official declaration of the formation of Malaysia on
16th September 1963. Sarawak has been a part of Malaysia ever
the courage, confidence and sacrifices of the people in their
efforts to achieve and maintain progress in the state. Yellow
represents the supremacy of the law and the unity found amongst
Sarawak's diverse races. Black denotes the abundant natural
resources of Sarawak: petroleum and timber. The yellow nine-pointed
star represents the nine divisions and the aspirations of
the people to improve their quality of life.
(Hornbill) represents the State emblem. The 13 secondary feathers
on its wings and tail represent the 13 states of Malaysia.
The hibiscus, which is the national flower, is found below
the wings and the State motto is 'Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti'
(United, Industrious, Loyalty). On the bird's chest is a shield
with the state colours: black, red and yellow.
TOWNS AND CITIES
Kuching, the capital of Sarawak, has warm and
friendly people. Kuching has not lost its old-world charm; nestled
among its modern multi-storey buildings are colonial structures
and buildings as well as colourful Malay and Chinese traditional
PLACES OF INTEREST
Fort Margherita is situated within walking distance from the
Astana in Kuching and is now the Sarawak Police Museum. Built
in 1878, it was named after Rajah Charles Brooke's wife and is
regarded as a symbol of love.
Mulu National Park
Situated at Gunung Mulu in the heart of the Miri district, the
limestone caves in Mulu National Park are among the largest in
the world. Deer Cave, home to thousands of bats, is the world's
largest cave passage; it has a height of 120 meteres and spans
over 1 kilometre in length. The Sarawak Chamber, which has a length
of 600 metres and a height of 100 metres, is regarded as the largest
cave chamber in the world.
Sarawak Cultural Village, Santubong
Situated about 32 km from Kuching, the Sarawak Cultural Village
is located at the foot of Mount Santubong. Visitors will see a
display of replicas of houses belonging to the various ethnic
groups found in Sarawak.
Built in 1891, the Sarawak Museum is regarded as one of the
finest museums in Southeast Asia. It houses extensive collections
of Borneo's archaeological finds and artifacts.
||124,449 square km
| State Capital
Namely:- Bau, Belaga, Betong, Bintulu, Dalat, Daro,
Julau, Kanowit, Kapit, Kuching, Lawas, Limbang,
Lubok Antu, Lundu, Maradong, Marudi, Matu, Miri,
Mukah, Samarahan, Saratok, Sarikei, Serian, Sibu,
Simunjan, Song, Sri Aman, Tatau
Breakdown of Races (1997)