Perlis - Malaysia
the smallest state in Malaysia, lies at the northwestern extremity
of the Malay Peninsula; its western coastline borders the Straits
of Malacca. Bounded by Thailand in the north, and by Kedah
to the east and south, it measures approximately 759 sq. km
and has a population of 175,000. Kangar is the seat of the State
Perlis was initially a part of Kedah
but was presented as a gift by Sultan Ziauddin Mukarram Syah in
1797 to his daughter Tuanku Safuah and son-in-law Syed Harun Jamalulail,
who was of Arab descent. When the Sultan of Kedah returned to
his throne in 1842 after the Siamese conquest, the Siamese conquerors
mantained Perlis as a separate state. They appointed Syed Hussain
Jamalulail as the first King of Perlis.
On 9th July 1909, the Bangkok Agreement
was ratified by the British and Siamese. This agreement delivered
Perlis to British colonialists and Perlis was forced to accept
an English advisor, Meadows Frost was the man assigned. This ruling
lasted until the Japanese
Invasion of 1941. On 1st September 1946, after
the Japanese surrendered, Kedah was placed under the British Military
British colonialists in London formed the Malayan
Peninsula Planning Unit in 1943, and on 10th October
1945, the Malayan Union scheme was laid out before the British
Parliament. A day later, Sir Harold MacMichael was sent to the
Malayan Peninsula to obtain the agreement of the Malay Rulers.
With this agreement, Penang,
Malacca and nine other
Malay states were united under the Malayan Union.
Malay opposition groups derailed the Malayan
Union plan and the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
was formed under Dato' Onn Jaafar on 11th May 1946.
The Malay Federation was founded on 1st February 1948
and on 31st August 1957, independence was declared.
top half of the flag, which is yellow in colour, represents
the royal status of the Ruler of Perlis. The bottom half of
the flag, on the other hand, is blue and stands for the people
of Perlis. The two colours lay close and in tangent with each
other, reflecting the cordial and close relationship between
the Ruler and his people.
sturdy green paddy wreath denotes the source of the state's
biggest produce and economic activity. The shield represents
the people's sense of pride and honour for Perlis. In general,
this emblem encapsulates the state's pride of its prosperous
TOWNS AND CITIES
Details to follow.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Timah Tasoh Dam
Built in 1992 at a cost of RM67 million, this
dam supplies water to the people of Perlis and prevents the occurrences
of floods. It is located at the Perlis State Park and can hold
up to 35.3 million litres of water. It is also home to migratory
birds, especially those from cold countries, as its freshwater
lake and natural surroundings provide food and shelter.
||810 square km
| State Capital
| Royal Town
Breakdown of Races (1994)