Pahang - Malaysia
is the largest state in Peninsular Malaysia and is situated in the
eastern coastal region. The state's 35,964 sq. km encompasses a
remarkable range of Malaysia's many different environments, from
the majestic peaks and cool hill regions of the state's western
region to the miles of soft sand beach along the South China Sea.
Pahang's nearly one million people constitute a representative mix
of Malaysia's three main ethnic communities - Malay, Chinese, and
Indian. Pahang hosts the longest river in Peninsular Malysia, Sungai
Pahang, 435 km and also the highest mountain, Gunung Tahan, 2,187m.
Evidence of habitation in Pahang dates back to
the Mesolithic Era. Long famous for the deposits of tin and gold
found along the upper reaches of the Tembeling River, Pahang had
attracted the interest of outside powers long before the founding
of Malacca in 1400. Under the control
of the maritime empire of Srivijaya (centered around Palembang
in southeast Sumatra), Pahang had expanded to cover the entire
southern portion of the Malay peninsula in the eight and ninth
Pahang was under the rule of several regional
powers. With the collapse of Srivijaya power around 1000, Pahang
was claimed first by the Siamese and then, in the late fifteenth
century, by Malacca. Pahang became a distinct political entity
during the Malacca Sultanate, circa 1454; Raja Muhammad, the son
of Sultan Mansur Syah, was made its sultan in 1470. After Malacca
fell to the Portuguese in 1511, Pahang became a key part of the
territorial struggles between Acheh, Johor, the Portuguese, and the Dutch.
Repeated raids, invasions, and occupations devastated the state,
until the decline of both Achenese and Portuguese power in the
early 17th century allowed Johor (the successor state to Malacca)
to reestablish its influence. In the late eighteenth century Pahang
gradually gained autonomy, it then became a fief of the Bendaharas
of Johor-Riau by the beginning of the 19th century.
A civil war in the middle of the 19th century
resulted in Bendahara Wan Ahmad proclaiming himself Sultan. However,
British interest in Pahang's mineral resources and the British
movement in the Malay Peninsula forced Sultan Ahmad to accept
a British Resident in 1888.
In 1896, Pahang became one of the four Federated
Malay States; this lasted until the Japanese invasion in 1941.
It came under the British Military Administration (BMA) in 1945
upon the surrender of the Japanese; the Malayan Union comprising
Pahang, nine other Malay states, Penang and Malacca was formed
in the same year. In 1948, it became part of the Federation of
Malaya which later achieved independence on 31 August 1957.
Pahang flag comprises two equal horizontal stripes of black
and white. The white, which is above the black, represents
the Ruler and the black denotes the rakyat.
and yellow are the colours of the Pahang state emblem. Yellow
is the royal colour and black denotes the rakyat. The
head of the spear is a symbol of the Sultan's sovereignty.
TOWNS AND CITIES
Details to follow.
PLACES OF INTEREST
||35,965 square km
| State Capital
| Royal Town
Namely:- Bera, Bentong, Cameron Highlands,
Jerantut, Kuantan, Lipis, Maran, Pekan, Raub,
Rompin and Temerloh
Breakdown of Races (1994)