Negri Sembilan - Malaysia
Sembilan translated literally means "Nine States," so named because
it comprises a federation of nine states. It is located on the south-west
corner of Peninsular Malaysia and encompasses an area of 6,645 sq
km including a 48-km gentle coastline. Seremban, the capital of
Negeri Sembilan, is 64 km south of Kuala Lumpur.
Negeri Sembilan is noted for its Minangkabau-styled
architecture, reflecting the influence of the State's first inhabitants
The early history of Negeri Sembilan saw the
migration of the Minangkabau people from the island of Sumatra
to the west coast of the Malay Peninsula during the sixteenth
and seventeenth centuries. These people settled mainly in Naning,
Sungai Ujong and Rembau. By the mid-nineteenth century, they had
formed a loose coalition of nine states, each with their own leader,
with the head of the coalition rotating among the nine chiefs.
(Malaysia has adopted this system for the appointment of the Yang
Dipertuan Agong or King.)
Naning, Sungai Ujong and Rembau lay within the
Johor-Riau Empire and were placed under a head called Datuk
who was appointed to oversee the territory.
In 1770, the disintegration of the Johor-Riau
Empire and the rise of the Bugis Sultanate in Selangor precipitated
insurrections in Rembau, Sungai Ujong, Johol and Ulu Muar. The
Minangkabaus then turned to the Pagar Ruyong royal house in Sumatra
for a ruler who could protect them. Consequently, Raja Melewar
was proclaimed the first Yang Dipertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan
The problems in Negeri Sembilan posed a threat
to the tin trade with the Straits Settlements. This led to British
intervention and subsequently Martin Lister was appointed as the
first British Resident of Negeri Sembilan.
Later, the Resident system proved ineffectual
and Sir Frank Swettenham initiated the proposal of a federation
of states. With consensus of the sultans, the agreement was ratified
in 1896. Selangor, Perak, Pahang and Negeri Sembilan were united
under a central administration. They were to be known as the Federated
Malay States (FMS) and administered by a Resident-General, thus
becoming a British protectorate. Swettenham was appointed the
first Resident-General of the FMS.
The FMS continued until the Japanese invasion
in 1941. After the surrender of the Japanese, Negeri Sembilan
was placed under the British Military Administration from September
1945 to early 1946.
As early as 1943, plans for a Malayan Union
were being discussed in London. On 10 October 1945, it was presented
in the British Parliament. According to the plan, Penang, Malacca
and the 9 other Malay states were to be united under a Malayan
Union. Sir Harold MacMichael was despatched to obtain the agreement
of the Malay rulers. However, Malay opposition derailed the plan.
The Malays united under the leadership of Dato' Onn Jaafar to
form the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) on 11 May
1946. Two years later, the Federation of Malaya was established
on 1 February 1948 and Malaya achieved independence from the British
on 31 August 1957.
field of the flag represents the State Ruler. The canton in
the top left-hand corner has two colours which divide it diagonally.
The colour red represents the rakyat (citizens); and
black is the symbol of the four undangs (traditional
emblem features a shield with three diagonal bands of colour.
Red symbolizes Negeri Sembilan's past links with the British;
black stands for the Undangs; and yellow is the colour
of royalty. The nine stalks of paddy in the centre of the
shield stand for the nine states in the original federation
of Negeri Sembilan. The sword and the sheath above the shield
represent justice; while the changgai putri staff between
them is the symbol of the sovereignty of the Yang Dipertuan
Besar. The nine-pointed star below the shield also represents
the original nine states.
TOWNS AND CITIES
Details to follow.
Port Dickson Beach
Located 32 km from Seremban, Port Dickson is
one of the most popular beaches on the west coast of Peninsular
Malaysia. It has 18 km of white, sandy beaches. Jet-skiing, wind-surfing,
canoeing and speedboat rides are available on weekends. Yachts
and cruise ships dock regularly at one of the town's newest attractions,
the international-class Marina Bay.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Istana Sri Menanti
Located about 25 km from Seremban, the Istana
Sri Menanti in the royal capital of Sri Menanti, was converted
into a Royal Museum in 1992. The palace was once the official
residence of the first Yang DiPertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan,
His Royal Highness, the late Tuanku Abdul Rahman. The design of
the palace built in 1902, incorporates features of Minangkabau
architecture. Constructed of penak timber and finely finished
with hand carving, the palace was built using traditional techniques
without iron nails.
||6,643 square km
| State Capital
| Royal Town
Namely:- Jelebu, Jempol, Kuala Pilah,
Port Dickson, Rembau, Seremban, Tampin
Breakdown of Races (1995)