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Kuala Kangsar British Cemetery, Malaysia
THE PERAK WAR 1876-1877

Kuala Kangsar is a small rural town on the Sungei Perak (River Perak), 31 miles North of Ipoh. The cemetery lies immediately behind the Government Rest House on Jalan Bukit Chandran, close to the river bank. It is a very small cemetery containing only 16 non World War service burials. 15 of these were killed in action in the Perak War of 1876-1877. Three of the headstones are unusually large crosses and there is a large memorial naming all who are buried here.

From the new plaque attached to the memorial the following:

THE PERAK WAR

THE ASSASSINATION OF THE FIRST BRITISH RESIDENT OF PERAK, MR. JAMES WHEELER WOODFORD BIRCH, AT PASIR SALAK ON 2 NOVEMBER 1875, LED TO IMMEDIATE FOLLOW-UP OPERATIONS BY HIS 50 STRONG SEPOY ESCORT FORCE, UNDER SUB-LIEUTENANT J.E. ABBOTT, R.N.
AN ADDITIONAL FORCE OF 60 MEN OF THE 1/10TH REGIMENT AND 30 POLICE PERSONNEL ARRIVED FROM PENANG ON 5 NOVEMBER 1875, TO ASSIST IN THE OPERATIONS. CAPTAIN W.M. INNES, R.E., THE ASSISTANT COLONIAL ENGINEER, PENANG, WAS APPOINTED TEMPORARY COMMISSIONER TO PERAK AND HEAD OF THE FORCE. HE WAS ASSISTED BY LIEUTENANT BOOTH AND LIEUTENANT ELLIOT OF THE 1/10TH REGIMENT AND MR. C.B. PLUNKET, SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE, PENANG, THE INTERPRETER TO THE FORCE WAS MR. KYNNERSLEY. IN AN ATTACK ON PASIR SALAK ON 7 NOVEMBER 1875, THE FORCE SUSTAINED CASUALTIES AND CAPTAIN INNES, CORPORAL FAY OF THE 10TH REGIMENT, A SIKH SOLDIER AND A MALAY SCOUT, NAKHODA ORLONG WERE KILLED. THIS PROMPTED A HALT TOM THE OPERATION. ON 9 NOVEMBER 1875, THE GOVERNOR OF THE STRAITS SETTLEMENTS, SIR WILLIAM FRANCIS DRUMMOND JERVOIS, VISITED PERAK ACCOMPANIED BY THE ACTING COMMISSIONER TO PERAK, MAJOR DUNLOP, R.A., TOGETHER WITH A DETACHMENT OF TROOPS AND ARTILLERY. ASSESSING THE SITUATION, HE REQUESTED TROOP REINFORCEMENTS FROM LONDON, HONG KONG AND INDIA. THE NEED FOR A LARGE FORCE WAS DEEMED NECESSARY, BOTH AS A SHOW OF STRENGTH AS WELL AS TO EFFECTIVELY TRACK DOWN AND APPREHEND THE PERPETRATORS OF THE ASSASSINATION.
TROOPS OF THE 80TH FOOT REGIMENT, FROM HONG KONG, UNDER MAJOR-GENERAL FRANCIS COLBORNE ARRIVED IN SINGAPORE ON 16 NOVEMBER 1875 AND LEFT FOR PERAK ON 17 NOVEMBER 1875. BRIGADIER-GENERAL J. ROSS ARRIVED IN PENANG FROM INDIA ON 26 NOVEMBER 1875, WITH A MIXED FORCE DRAWN FROM THE 3RD REGIMENT (BUFFS), 1ST GURHKAS, ROYAL ARTILLERY AND THE MADRAS SAPPERS. THEY PROCEEDED TO PERAK ON 3 DECEMBER 1875, THE ROYAL NAVY, 'BLUE JACKETS', ALSO FORMED PART OF THIS IMPRESSIVE FORCE. NAVAL SUPPORT DURING THE PERAK WAR CAME FROM H.M.S. 'EGERIA'. 'FLY', 'MODESTE', 'PHILOMEL', 'RINGDOVE' AND 'STIRLING'.
THE FORCE WAS DIVIDED INTO A NORTHERN AND A SOUTHERN COLUMN AND UNDER THE COMMAND OF MAJOR-GENERAL F. COLBORNE, THE CAMPAIGNS OF THE PERAK WAR WERE LAUNCHED, TERMINATING WITH THE EVENTUAL ARREST OR SURRENDER OF THE SURVIVORS OF THE COMPLICITY. ALTHOUGH MILITARY ENGAGEMENTS CEASED BY 1876, THE FORCE REMAINED IN PERAK UNTIL 1877 TO PREVENT MANY POSSIBLE RETURN TO ANARCHY.
THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED TO HONOUR THE MEMORY OF THE GALLANT MEN WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN MILITARY CONFLICT OR WHO SUCCUMBED TO OTHER CAUSES IN THE COURSE OF THE PERAK WAR.

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